Parshwanath Vidyapeeth (PV), an eminent institute of Indology in general and Jainology in particular, is well known to the academic world both within and outside India. It was established in 1937, in the sacred memory of Rev. Jainacharya Shri Sohanlalji Maharaj, a great Sthanakavasi saint of Punjab, under the leadership of Late Lala Shri Harjas Rai Jain, Faridabad. It is managed by a society registered under the Society Registration Act of 1860. It is recognised by Banaras Hindu University for Ph. D. degree and also by Scientific & Industrial Research Organization, Deptt. of Science and Technology, Government of India for conducting research. Till date about 65 research scholars have been awarded Ph.D. degree by BHU registered in the departments of Sanskrit, Philosophy, Ancient History & Culture, Economics, History of Arts, Hindi etc. PV has brought out more than 180 publications, mostly Ph.D. theses, original texts and manuscripts in Prakrit and Sanskrit with their Hindi and English translations. Its library has about 40 thousand books on different branches of Indology. SHRAMANA a referred quarterly bi-lingual research journal is being published since 1949 by PV. The institute regularly organizes national and international seminars, workshops and lecture series. It has a permanent art exhibition. For the facility of researchers, institute has well-furnished guest house, mess and meditation hall.
Important academic projects undertaken by the institute are – Encyclopaedia cum Source-book of Jain Studies, and History of Shvetambara Jaina Gacchas.
Objective of the Workshop:
There is enormous literature in Prakrit, majority of the Prakrit works still remains inaccessible to the scholars of Jainology as well as to those working in other disciplines because of non-availability of Prakrit texts with their translations in other languages. For comparative study of Indian tradition, history, culture, literature, language, poetics etc. knowledge of Prakrit is essential. Therefore a concerted effort to provide knowledge of Prakrit language is the need of the hour.
The vocabulary of the Prakrit consists of three types of words Tatsama, Tadbhava and Deshya. Of these three types, the Prakrit grammar deals with studies of Tadbhava words. Teaching of Prakrit generally aims to enable the participants to successfully attempt and comprehend each Prakrit words, derived from Sanskrit. In fact the pattern of this school will be to teach the Prakrit grammar through operational procedure employed in Sanskrit grammar. Sutras of Prakrit grammar used in the words will be explained. The method adopted here for learning Prakrit language is drilling system. The formation of each word is analyzed and rules of grammar applied in a particular word are explained.
After attending this course one will be able to cultivate the knowledge of Prakrit. The scholars working in the field of Indology will find a new area because of their access to original texts and their effort in comparative studies will get a boost. In turn, Prakrit studies will find a new bunch of scholars who can handle the Prakrit texts. Those adept in Sanskrit can grasp Prakrit very easily. They may be engaged in editing and translation of the Prakrit texts. Ultimately the base of Prakrit scholars is bound to expand, which is the need of the hour. The exploration of original sources is likely to enhance the standard of the researches in Indology as a whole.
Syllabus of the Workshop of Prakrit Grammar:
Prakrit Grammar, 8th Chapter of Siddhahemaśabdānuśāsana of Ach. Hemachandra.
The Prakrit grammar here implies the rules of Maharashtri dialect, supposed to be the standard form of Prakrit. Other dialects are studied in the light of variations, which they have from Maharashtri. The syllabus is designed to give the knowledge of alphabets- vowels and consonants, genders, cases, rules of Prakrit on conjugation (sandhi), compound (samasa), change of gender etc. The phonetic changes — vowels, single consonants, conjuncts– , elision of vowels, augmentation of nasal, declension of nouns, pronouns, numerals, modes, tenses, Prakrit substitutes for Sanskrit roots, taddhita, krit affixes, indeclinable particles, etc. Besides there will be special lectures on origin of Prakrit, its main dialects and their main characteristics.
For the rules of Prakrit grammar the 8th Chapter of Siddhahemaśabdānuśāsana of Acharya Hemachandra will be the base text.
Eligibility for admission- MA/Acharya in Sanskrit, Prakrit, Pali, Linguistics, Philosophy, History, Hindi (with Sanskrit in BA/Shastri). However, candidates with Ph.D., teaching and working in Jaina studies will be given preference.
Procedure of Selection of Participants:
- Applications will be invited through circulars to universities, colleges and research institutes.
- Admission Committee will scrutinize the application forms received and sort out applicants for admission.
Number of Participants 50
Number of Lectures 72
Schedule of Lectures: Three lectures per day during 1:00PM to 5:00PM
Method of Teaching of Texts:
- Sanskrit Rendering of Prakrit words occurred in the examples.
- Grammatical analysis of each word with rules (sutras) of Hemachandra Grammar. Method is to explain each step citing rules (sutras) through which Prakrit words are derived from its Sanskrit equivalent.
- Hindi Meaning of Prakrit words.
Method of Evaluation: Maximum Marks 200 (100 marks written examination, 100 marks viva-voce).
Certificates: will be awarded to the participants on completion of the course and having passed all the oral and written tests.
Eligibility for certificate: 80 % attendance is essential.
Certificate of Merit: First three participants securing highest marks will be awarded Certificate of Merit.
- For general grammar a booklet of Prakrit grammar will be provided.
- Participants will be advised to possess a copy of the Text with Hindi translation of Hemachandra grammar.
(a) Medium of instructions will be Hindi.
(b) Photocopies of all Certificates/Degrees should be enclosed with the application form.
(c) No participant will remain absent from his/her daily lectures, and weekly tests or final test etc.; and must obtain a minimum of 45% marks in aggregate.
(d) Last date of the registration- 10th May, 2019
(e) Registration fee- Rs. 500/=